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Tuesday, October 13, 2015

The Basics: Definitions of Mental and Physical Mediums


There are two main categories of mediumship: physical and mental.

During physical mediumship, physical effects including materializations and table-tipping are produced.

During mental mediumship, the medium conveys messages from deceased people or animals (called discarnates) to their living loved ones (called sitters) during a specific event (called a reading).

The states of consciousness experienced by the medium during either of these two different types exist along a continuum from waking states to trance states of varying depth. Many mediums experience significant alterations of consciousness on some occasions and a waking state (albeit somewhat altered) on other occasions.

For more info, see:

Beischel, J. (2015). Investigating Mediums: A Windbridge Institute Collection. Tucson, AZ: Windbridge Institute (Blurb).

Beischel, J., & Zingrone, N. (2015). Mental mediumship. In CardeƱa, E., Palmer, J., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (Eds.), Parapsychology: A Handbook for the 21st Century (pp. 301-313). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.

Sunday, October 11, 2015

The Basics: Definitions of Medium and Psychic

In my research at the Windbridge Institute, we use the term medium to describe an individual who experiences regular communication with the deceased. This is in contrast to a psychic who regularly experiences information about or from people, events, places, or times unknown to him/her.

It is often said that all mediums are psychic but not all psychics are mediums.

Anyone can have mediumistic and/or psychic experiences and the terms medium and psychic are used specifically to describe people who have those experiences regularly, reliably, and often 'on-demand'.

At the Windbridge Institute, we have been performing research since 2008 with a team of mediums whose abilities have been demonstrated under controlled conditions. This allows us to study the phenomenon with participants who are able to effectively and repeatedly provide information about the deceased during various research protocols.

For more info, see:

Beischel, J. (2015). Investigating Mediums: A Windbridge Institute Collection. Tucson, AZ: Windbridge Institute (Blurb).