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Tuesday, October 13, 2015

The Basics: Definitions of Mental and Physical Mediums


There are two main categories of mediumship: physical and mental.

During physical mediumship, physical effects including materializations and table-tipping are produced.

During mental mediumship, the medium conveys messages from deceased people or animals (called discarnates) to their living loved ones (called sitters) during a specific event (called a reading).

The states of consciousness experienced by the medium during either of these two different types exist along a continuum from waking states to trance states of varying depth. Many mediums experience significant alterations of consciousness on some occasions and a waking state (albeit somewhat altered) on other occasions.

For more info, see:

Beischel, J. (2015). Investigating Mediums: A Windbridge Institute Collection. Tucson, AZ: Windbridge Institute (Blurb).

Beischel, J., & Zingrone, N. (2015). Mental mediumship. In CardeƱa, E., Palmer, J., & Marcusson-Clavertz, D. (Eds.), Parapsychology: A Handbook for the 21st Century (pp. 301-313). Jefferson, NC: McFarland.